The Universals
Archive
 
         
    Number   of 2029        

 
 Number 5
 Original If a language has dominant SOV order and the genitive follows the governing noun, then the adjective likewise follows the noun.
 Standardized IF basic order is SOV and attributive nouns (genitive) follow the head noun, THEN attributive adjectives likewise follow the noun.
 Formula SOV & N Gen ⇒ N Adj
 Keywords order, SOV, attributive, genitive, adjective
 Domain syntax
 Type implication
 Status achronic
 Quality statistical
 Basis 30 languages of Greenberg 1963 sample
 Source Greenberg 1963: 79, #5
 Counterexamples 
By Frans Plank 03.08.2006, 09:49 
Tigre (Semitic, Afro-Asiatic) (Dryer 2000)
 Comments 
By Frans Plank 03.08.2006, 09:49 
0. Though "dominant" "basic", there seem to be occasional uses of the former as interchangeable with the latter whatever the latter really means. In the Standardized renderings, "basic" is the preferred epithet.

1. Dryer 1986: 98 (506-language sample): "There is no clear evidence for the correlation between Genitive-Noun and Adjective-Noun order". As to the conjunction in the implicans, although this does not affect the implication as such: Dryer 1988: 192 (316-language sample): "OV languages exhibit a strong tendency to be GN". Dryer 1992: 91-92 (543-language sample): "there is an overwhelming preference for GenN order among OV languages".

2. Hengeveld, Rijkhoff, & Siewierska 1997 suggest a reformulation of this universal (see ): If a language has dominant SOV order and the genitive follows the governing noun and the language has a parts-of-speech system of types 4-5/6, then the adjective likewise follows the noun. (For full reference about types of parts-of-speech systems see )

3. Cf. Hawkins' statement ()
 

The Universals Archive ©1998-2009 :: Universität Konstanz
This site is maintained by Frans Plank. If you have questions about or comments on this page, please send your mail to the Webmaster
Visitors:

hit counter for blogger

View My Stats
Locations of visitors to this page