The Universals


  • Palek, Bohumil (ed.) (1997). Proceedings of LP 96: Typology: Prototypes, Item Orderings and Universals. Prague: Charles University Press. 
  • Palmaitis, Letas (1978). Tipologines pastabos del gimines kategorijos formavimosi. [Typological notes on the development of gender.] Baltistica 14-1: 27-38. 
  • Payne, Doris L. (1990). The Pragmatics of Word Order: Typological Dimensions of Verb Initial Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 
  • Payne, John (1985). Complex phrases and complex sentences. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Volume 2: Complex constructions, 3-41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Payne, Thomas E. (1997). Describing Morphosyntax: A Guide For Field Linguists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Partee, Barbara H. (2000). "Null" Determiners vs. No Determiners. Lecture read at the 2nd Winter Typology School, 31 January ? 5 February 2000, Moscow. 
  • Peterson, Gordon E. & Ilse Lehiste (1976) Duration of syllable nuclei in English. Journal of the Acoustics Society of America 32: 693-703. 
  • Piggott, Glyne L. (1992). Variability in feature dependency: The case of nasality. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 10: 33-77. 
  • Pinnow, Hans-Jürgen (1960). Über den Ursprung der voneinander abweichenden Struktur der Munda- und Khmer-Nicobar-Sprachen. Indo-Iranian Journal 4: 81-103. 
  • Plank, Frans (1985). The interpretation and development of form alternations conditioned across word boundaries: The case of wife's, wives, and wives'. In Roger Eaton, Olga Fisher, Willem Koopman, & Frederike van Leek (eds.), Papers from the 4th International Conference on English Historical Linguistics, 205-233. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 
  • Plank, Frans (1986). Paradigm size, morphological typology, and universal economy. Folia Linguistica 20: 29-48. 
  • Plank, Frans (1987). Direkte indirekte Objekte, oder: Was uns lehren lehrt. Leuvenese Bijdragen 76: 37-61. 
  • Plank, Frans (1989). On Humboldt on the dual. In Roberta Corrigan, Fred Eckman, & Michael Noonan (eds.), Linguistic Categorization, 293-333. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 
  • Plank, Frans (1991a). On determiners. 1. Ellipsis and inflection; 2. Co-occurrence of possessives. EUROTYP Working Papers VII/11. 
  • Plank, Frans (1991b). Of abundance and scantiness in inflection: A typological prelude. In Frans Plank (ed.), Paradigms: The Economy of Inflection, 1-40. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 
  • Plank, Frans (1991c). Review of Barlow & Ferguson (eds.) (1988). Journal of Linguistics 27: 532-542. 
  • Plank, Frans (1992). Adam Smith: Grammatical economist. In Peter Jones & Andrew S. Skinner (eds.), Adam Smith Reviewed, 21-55. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 
  • Plank, Frans (1994a). What agrees with what in what, generally speaking? EUROTYP Working Papers VII/23: 39-58. 
  • Plank, Frans (1994b). Aus der Geschichte der Abhängigkeiten: Wilhelm von Humboldt zu Mehrheitsbezeichnung und Einverleibungssystem. In Klaus Zimmermann, Jürgen Trabant, & Kurt Mueller-Vollmer (eds.), Wilhelm von Humboldt und die amerikanischen Sprachen, 229-255. Paderborn: Schöningh. 
  • Plank, Frans (1995). (Re-)Introducing Suffixaufnahme. In Plank (ed.) 1995, 3-110. 
  • Plank, Frans (1996). Kollekcija utverzdenij o korreljacii zvuka i znacimoj formy. [A catalogue of allegations concerning the co-variation of sound and meaningful form.] Voprosy jazykoznanija 1996-2: 90-104. 
  • Plank, Frans (1998). The co-variation of phonology with morphology and syntax: A hopeful history. Linguistic Typology 2: 195-230. 
  • Plank, Frans & Edith Moravcsik (1996). The Maltese article: Language-particulars and universals. Rivista di Linguistica 8: 183-212. 
  • Plank, Frans & Wolfgang Schellinger, et al. (1994a). On Greenberg 45, mostly. EUROTYP Working Papers VII/20: 81-111. 
  • Plank, Frans & Wolfgang Schellinger (1994b). More and less trouble for Greenberg 45. EUROTYP Working Papers VII/23: 87-107. 
  • Plank, Frans & Wolfgang Schellinger (1997). The uneven distribution of genders over numbers: Greenberg Nos. 37 and 45. Linguistic Typology 1: 53-101. 
  • Plank, Frans (ed.) (1995). Double Case: Agreement by Suffixaufnahme. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  • Polinsky, Maria (1995). Double objects causatives. Studies in Language 19: 129-211. 
  • Pope, Mildred K. (1966). From Latin to Modern French with special consideration of Anglo-Norman: phonology and morphology. Manchester: Victoria University Press. 
  • Posner, Rebecca (1971). On synchronic and diachronic rules: French nasalization. Lingua 27: 184-197. 
  • Pott, August Friedrich (1862). Doppelung (Reduplikation, Gemination) als eines der wichtigsten Bildungsmittel der Sprache, beleuchtet aus Sprachen aller Welttheile. Lemog & Detmold: Meyer. 
  • Pulleyblank, Douglas (1989). Patterns of feature cooccurrence: The case of nasality. Coyote Papers 9: 98-115. 
  • Pullum, Geoffrey K. (1977). Word order universals and grammatical relations. In Peter Cole & Jerrold Sadock (eds.), Grammatical Relations (Syntax and Semantics, 8), 249-277. New York: Academic Press. 

  • Regier, Terry (1993). Two predicted universals in the semantics of space. Berkeley Linguistics Society 19: 479-489. 
  • Renault, Richard (1987). Genre grammatical et typologie linguistique. Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris 82-1: 69-117. 
  • Renzi, Lorenzo (1992). Le developpement de l'article en roman. Revue Roumaine de Linguistique 37: 161-176. 
  • Reuland, Eric J & Alice G. B. ter Meulen (1987). Introduction. In Eric J. Reuland & Alice G. B. ter Meulen (eds.) 1987, 1-20. 
  • Reuland, Eric & Alice G. B. ter Meulen (eds.) (1987). The Representation of (In)Definiteness. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 
  • Rijkhoff, Jan (1992). The noun phrase: A typological study of its form and structure. Doctoral dissertation, Universiteit van Amsterdam. 
  • Rijkhoff, Jan (2000). When can a language have adjectives? An implicational universal. In Petra M. Vogel & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Approaches to the Typology of Word Classes (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology, 23), 217-257. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 
  • Rood, David S. (ed.) (1984). 1983 Mid-America Linguistic Conference Papers. Boulder: University of Colorado. 
  • Ruhlen, Merritt (1973). Nasal vowels. Working Papers on Language Universals 12: 1-36. 



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